Contraception can be divided into several categories: male or female and permanent or temporary. Ideally, only men who are sure that they are finished having their family or men who are positive that they do not want children should consider permanent sterilization. Even though most vasectomies can be successfully reversed, vasectomy should still be considered permanent because the chances of conceiving after a reversal are not 100%.
Vasectomy is the easiest and most reliable form of permanent sterilization. At The Center for Male Reproductive Medicine, vasectomy is a procedure that takes about 10-15 minutes to complete.
This is much easier than the standard vasectomy and certainly less risky than female sterilization (tubal ligation), which needs to be performed in an operating room under general or epidural anesthesia and runs the risk of injury to the abdominal organs including the intestines and major blood vessels. Because of this risk, many couples choose vasectomy as their form of permanent contraception.
Vasectomy is also usually less expensive than tubal ligation.